According to FHWA, performance management is a strategic approach that uses system information to make investment and policy decisions to achieve performance goals. While FHWA and federal legislation has emphasized performance management in recent years, HRTPO has based its planning and programming process on performance management for many years.
The HRTPO performance management process is comprised of the following efforts:
1. Regional Performance Measures and Targets
A key feature of MAP-21 (and continued under the FAST Act) is the establishment of national performance goals in the areas of safety, infrastructure condition, congestion reduction, system reliability, freight movement and economic vitality, environmental sustainability, and reduced project delivery delays. This legislation also requires Metropolitan Planning Organizations to prepare and set targets for the following federally-established performance measures:
- Pavement Condition
- Roadway Performance
- Bridge Condition
- Roadway Safety
- Freight Movement
- Transit Asset Management and Safety
- On-road mobile source emissions and traffic congestion for CMAQ Program
The HRTPO has begun calculating the performance measures in each of these areas. The HRTPO Board will establish initial regional roadway safety targets early in 2018, and the initial targets in the remaining areas will be established late in 2018.
In addition, HRTPO staff has annually prepared a list of performance measures identified by state legislation and established by the state Office of Intermodal Planning and Investment (OIPI). This effort includes existing and historical data in a number of areas including congestion reduction, safety, transit usage, HOV usage, jobs and housing, air quality, freight movement, and maintenance. In 2017 this information was included in the State of Transportation in Hampton Roads report.
2. Annual System Performance Reports
Each year, HRTPO staff produces the State of Transportation in Hampton Roads report. The report details the current status and recent trends of all facets of the transportation system in Hampton Roads, including air, rail, water, and highways. Many aspects of the highway system are highlighted, including roadway usage, pavement condition, bridge conditions, congestion levels, commuting characteristics, roadway safety, transit usage, and active transportation (such as biking and walking). Comparisons are made between Hampton Roads and similar large metropolitan areas.
Each year, HRTPO staff produces a report documenting the volumes, speeds, and congestion levels of each segment of the CMP roadway network. Staff analyzes congestion levels using travel time data collected by INRIX.
3. Congestion Management Process – System Performance and Mitigation Report
The Congestion Management Process (CMP) is an on-going systematic process for managing congestion that provides information and analysis on multimodal transportation system performance and on strategies to alleviate congestion and enhance the mobility of persons and goods regionwide. During this process, HRTPO works with state and local agencies to develop these strategies and mobility options.
HRTPO staff completed the latest version of the CMP - System Performance and Mitigation Report in October 2014. More information on the Hampton Roads CMP is available on HRTPO’s Congestion Management page.
4. Special Transportation Studies
HRTPO staff regularly prepares special studies that examine specific topics related to the Hampton Roads transportation system. A full list of studies completed by HRTPO is available on the Technical Reports page.
5. Performance-Based Project Selection
The FAST Act states that each MPO’s Long-Range Transportation Plan (LRTP) will include a description of the performance measures and performance targets used in assessing the performance of the transportation system. The LRTP will also include a system performance report and subsequent updates evaluating the condition and performance of the transportation system with respect to the established performance targets.
In addition, HRTPO uses a Project Prioritization Tool to evaluate the expected performance of each candidate LRTP project. Scores are determined based on a number of factors related to the utility, viability, and economic vitality of each project.
Projects proposed by eligible recipients for Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ), Regional Surface Transportation Program (RSTP), or Transportation Alternatives Program (TAP) funding are evaluated by HRTPO staff using a specific set of criteria that have been approved by the HRTPO Board. The proposed projects are ranked based on the results of the analyses.
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