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AT Funding

Active Transportation projects may be funded under several federal funding programs.  Four federal programs often used to fund  Active Transportation projects are described below.

Transportation Alternatives Program 

The Transportation Alternatives Program (TAP), established in the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21), provides Federal funding for programs and projects defined as transportation alternatives, including on- and off-road pedestrian and bicycle facilities; infrastructure projects for improving non-driver access to public transportation and enhanced mobility; community improvement activities; environmental mitigation; recreational trail program projects; safe routes to school projects; and projects for planning, designing, or constructing boulevards and other roadways largely in the right-of-way of former Interstate System routes or other divided highways.  Projects funded under TAP must comply with all applicable Federal requirements. 

The Guide to the HRTPO TAP Project Selection Process provides guidance information on how projects are selected for TAP funding. 

For more information, please visit our TAP webpage

2015 TAP Funding Allocations



CTB Allocations

HRTPO Allocations

Suffolk Seaboard Coastline Trail, Phase IV




Thalia Creek Greenway, Phase 3

Virginia Beach



Elizabeth River Trail, Phase II.A, IV.B and V (Norfolk Phase IV-C)




Lee Hall Depot Rehabilitation

Newport News



Smithfield to Nike Park Shared-Use Path (Park-to-Park Trail)

Isle of Wight County




Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Program (CMAQ)


The CMAQ program provides federal funding to States and localities for transportation projects and programs that help improve air quality and reduce traffic congestion.  This funding is intended for areas not meeting the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS), referred to as nonattainment areas, and for areas that previously did not meet the standards, but now do, referred to as maintenance areas.  Hampton Roads has been designated as an attainment area for the current ozone standard and was designated as a maintenance area for the previous standard. 

For guidance on how projects are selected for CMAQ funding, check out our  Guide to the HRTPO CMAQ/RSTP Project Selection Process

For more information, please visit our CMAQ and RSTP webpage.

Transportation Investment Generating Economic Recovery (TIGER) Grants

The TIGER Discretionary Grant program, provides a unique opportunity for  USDOT to invest in road, rail, transit, bicycle/pedestrian, port, and multimodal projects that promise to achieve national objectives. Since 2009, Congress has dedicated more than $4.6 billion for seven rounds of TIGER to fund competitive projects that have a significant impact on the Nation, a region or a metropolitan area. 

The eligibility requirements of TIGER allow project sponsors at the State and local levels to obtain funding for multi-modal, multi-jurisdictional projects that are more difficult to support through traditional DOT programs. 

In May 2015, the HRTPO Board endorsed a TIGER proposal from the City of Virginia Beach for the South Hampton Roads Trail – Virginia Beach Light Rail Corridor Multimodal Connector.  The City’s grant application requests $12.7 million in TIGER funding.  

For more information on the TIGER Grant Program, please visit the U.S. Department of Transportation’s TIGER Discretionary Grants webpage.

Other AT Funding Sources 

Smart Scale


Highway Safety lmprovement Program (Open Container)


Revenue Sharing Program


Recreational Access